Sunscreen loses its effectiveness after three years, so make sure to replace outdated bottles.
Lentigens are medically known as solar lentigines, but are most commonly referred to as age spots, liver spots, sun spots and freckles. These small brown spots are most often in direct correlation to sun exposure most commonly seen on regularly exposed areas of the skin. The hands, face, shoulders, arms and upper back are all regions prone to development. Tiny, flat, oval areas of light brown, black or grayish spots of skin characterize lentigines. It is important to have any pigmented lesion checked by a well-qualified and trained dermatologist to rule out skin cancer.
Lentigines occur after the sun has damaged melanocytes, the pigment producing cells located beneath the skin surface. Years of sun exposure can cause these cells to form in higher concentrations that accumulate in one section of tissue. In addition to sun exposure and contrary to popular belief, lentigines (age spots) also occur in older-skinned individuals that begin to produce large amounts of melanin in response to aging. Genetics also play a crucial role in melanocyte activity and skin type reactions.
Lightening agents and tyrosinaise inhibitors (hydroquinone), along with topical applications of Retin A and Vitamin C may reduce the appearance of lentigines, but not completely alleviate them.
More successful, results-driven treatment options include IPL PhotoFacial procedures, Fraxel�® Laser treatments, Erbium Laser Skin Resurfacing, CO2 and Fractionalized CO2 Laser treatments, various chemical peels and Microdermabrasion.